in UK

MH Carbon goes into voluntary liquidation

In January 2013, REDD-Monitor wrote about MH Carbon, a company selling carbon credits to the public as investments. REDD-Monitor’s question, as with any company doing this, is whether the company is a boiler room scam. Last week, MH Carbon went into voluntary liquidation.

According to a notice on MH Carbon’s website a company called Parker Andrews in Norwich, UK, that specialises in insolvency “has been instructed to deal with the liquidation of carbon credit trader MH Carbon”. The notice, which is not dated, explains that MH Carbon will be “placed into voluntary liquidation shortly”. However, only creditors have been contacted about the liquidation. People who bought carbon credits from MH Carbon “will not receive official notification of the liquidation”.

Liquidation is the process of closing a company and selling off the company’s assets and property (in order to pay off the company’s creditors, for example). Voluntary liquidation is supported by the company’s shareholders, as opposed to the company being forced into liquidation by creditors or a court order.

In the case of MH Carbon, the company’s shares are 100% owned by a company called PCS Nominee Limited, which is registered in the Isle of Man.

REDD-Monitor’s post about MH Carbon attracted a large number of comments (currently more than 160 comments) many of which are from people who have bought carbon credits and are concerned that they are victims of a fraud.

I wrote to the director of MH Carbon, Jeffrey Razaq, to ask him what the implications of the liquidation are for people who bought carbon credits from MH Carbon. The email was returned, with an error message stating that, “it was rejected by the server for the recipient domain”.

I have also written to Parker Andrews to ask the same question.

MH Carbon’s voluntary liquidation raises several questions. As far as I am aware, the company only sold carbon credits. Last year, MH Carbon claimed to be, “one of the UK’s fastest growing participants in emissions spot trading within the voluntary carbon credit market”. It seems a reasonably safe bet that MH Carbon bought the carbon credits for less than its brokers sold them for. So where do the company’s debts come from? And where did the money go from the sales of carbon credits?

In the company’s annual accounts for 2012, MH Carbon had about £1.7 million in assets and about £1.6 million owed to creditors. MH Carbon has not filed this year’s accounts with Companies House. So how did the company manage to become insolvent? Is the company going into liquidation because too many clients are asking for their money back? Or is the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau getting too close?

Jeffrey Razaq is also director of two other companies that include “MH” in their names: Mh Carbon Nominees Limited and Mh Commodity Brokers Limited.

It’s interesting to note that Anna Rickard was a director of Mh Carbon Nominees until 24 October 2012 – the date that Jeffrey Razaq took over as director of MH Carbon and Mh Carbon Nominees. Anna Rickard is the director of Citadel Trustees, a company that used to act as an “Appointed Custodian” to Worldwide Commodity Partners, another company selling carbon credits to the public as an investment. All the shares in Mh Carbon Nominees are owned by Citadel Secretarial Services Limited and Citadel Nominees Limited.

On 14 January 2013, Lee Thompson, the director of Worldwide Commodity Partners wrote to the company’s clients explaining that, “As part of the negotiations between our companies it has been agreed that MH-Carbon will take over our portfolio in full.”

When journalist Tony Hetherington asked Anna Rickard some questions about Citadel Trustees’ role, she replied, “It would only be unethical for Citadel Trustees to knowingly and intentionally involve itself in a scam.”

According to comments on REDD-Monitor (here, here, here, here and here), a Luxembourg-based company, Carbon-ex S.à r.l., is also involved in the sale of MH Carbon’s carbon credits.

It will be interesting to see how the voluntary liquidation proceeds and how much of the tangled web of carbon credit deceit begins to unravel as a result.

Leave a Reply

  1. All clients of MH Carbon should write to the liquidator and make a claim for mis-selling/misrepresentation. Voluntary liquidation is an easy way out for them. You won’t get your money back (as the company doesn’t have many assets) but the liquidator may be forced to refer the case to the Insolvency Service who may put them into forced liquidation. What is the difference? Big. Forced liquidation gives you much greater strength to then go after the directors. They may be banned from other directorships. More will come out about the mystery shareholders. Don’t hesitate. Write today.

  2. I have set up a simple forum for discussion about carbon credits.
    It is about the various scams and the market in general. The idea is to provide a focal point and to pool our ideas together to find a way out.
    It is a public forum and can be used by everyone so be a bit careful about revealing your identity etc.

    Chris gave me permission to post this.


  3. @Lu (#2) – Thanks for this.

    Your forum looks interesting, but I’m not sure that raising people’s hopes of selling their VERs (exit strategies) is the way forward. I think the best plan is to get as many people as possible to report as many of these companies as possible to Action Fraud. Getting more journalists involved in writing on the topic and exposing the fraud would also help.

  4. I don’t disagree. It is just a way of centralising the comments to make it easier to keep a track of and to communicate with each other. I don’t run articles on it. I think it may be a long slog to sell our VERs or to get compensation so my hopes are not up much.

  5. Hi Chris, many thanks for keeping us informed about carbon credits and the outcome, basically anybody who bought carbon credits has lost some or all of their money and this includes me I think as you say once the credits are finally recognized as a trading product legally (not sure if they are) and have a value with genuine brokers who are registered etc we will never see are money back, may be, just maybe one day this might happen but I am very doubtful so in other words its an investment we have too write off I’m afraid (although it something none of us want too) Tom