“REDD is a risky and false solution to climate change, both in theory and in practice,” argues a new report by Friends of the Earth International. “Now it is time to ditch risky REDD for known community approaches that are effective, ethical and equitable.”
On 23 September 2014, Peru and Norway signed an agreement to reduce deforestation. AIDESEP, the main organization for the indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon, and Rainforest Foundation Norway welcome the deal, but warn that Peru must improve its “policy and practices on forests and indigenous peoples’ rights”.
Governors from 22 states have signed the Rio Branco Declaration, committing to reduce deforestation by 80% by 2020. If they receive a guarantee of “adequate, sufficient, and long‐term performance‐based funding”, that is.
Earlier this month, more than 100 people flew to Peru to take part in a meeting in the Hilton Hotel in Lima. While they were there, “they demonstrated that innovative climate finance models can help protect forests and mitigate global climate change”.
“Checking deforestation requires respect for our basic rights, which are the rights of all peoples and all human beings. Deforestation is unleashed when our rights are not protected and our lands and forests are taken over by industrial interests without our consent.”
The Trans-Pacific Partnership is a proposed international trade agreement, involving 12 countries and covering a range of topics including intellectual property, the environment and workers’ rights. The TPP has been negotiated in secret for almost four years.
Carbon cowboys. VAT carousel fraud. Double-counting. Hackers. A fake bomb scare in the Czech Republic’s carbon registry. Phishing via fake carbon registry websites. Invented carbon credits. Overvalued carbon credits. Boiler rooms. Imaginary baselines. Auditors with conflicts of interest.
“REDD+ projects can be expected to have poor social and environmental outcomes unless they use substantially different approaches, which build on the capabilities of the wide range of local natural resource managers to undertake efficient resource management and conservation in the Amazon.”
The Alto Mayo Protected Forest in the Peruvian Amazon covers about 182,000 hectares. Although it became a protected area in 1987, it remained under serious threat. Today it is the site of a REDD project run by Conservation International with funding from Walt Disney.
On 19 April 2013, the Federation of small farmers of Madre de Dios in Peru (Federación Agraria Departmental de Madre de Dios – FADEMAD) produced a statement titled “The threats over us continue”. The statement raises serious concerns about REDD and related initiatives that are developing in the region.
AIDESEP (Inter-Ethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Amazon) has written to the Forest Investment Programme in protest at the way proposals for REDD are marginalising indigenous peoples and promoting a “failed model of large concessions”, promotion of industrial plantations, and increasing “desk based or paper reforms”.
Peru’s Vice Ministry of Interculturalism is currently carrying out a project to protect Territorial Reserves for Indigenous Peoples living in voluntary isolation or in initial contact. The US$1 million project is funded by the Inter-American Development Bank.
Al Jazeera recently picked up the story about David Nilsson’s questionable REDD carbon trading activities in Peru. REDD-Monitor has been following this story since April 2011 when Indigenous organisations AIDESEP and COICA produced a statement condemning Nilsson and demanding that the public prosecutor’s office intervene by expelling Nilsson from Peru.