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REDD in the news: 8-14 October 2018

REDD-Monitor’s round-up of the week’s news on forests, climate change, and REDD. For regular updates, follow @reddmonitor on Twitter.

8 October 2018

The IPCC global warming report spares politicians the worst details
By Bob Ward, The Guardian, 8 October 2018
A report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change confirms the enormous wisdom that governments showed in Paris in December 2015, when they agreed to the goal of “pursuing efforts” to limit global warming to 1.5C.
The report’s summary for policymakers paints a sobering picture of the potentially terrible impacts of allowing global mean surface temperature to rise by 2C compared with pre-industrial levels: more extreme weather, sea level rise and ocean acidification, with detrimental effects on wildlife, crops, water availability and human health.

A crypto investor will harness the computing power of developing countries’ devices for a new cloud service
By Isabella Steger, Quartz, 8 October 2018
In the buzzy worlds of cryptocurrency and cloud computing, one Australian entrepreneur sees an overlooked opportunity—the idle computing power of devices in developing countries.
Dorjee Sun, a Sydney-born Chinese-Tibetan conservationist and tech investor, aims to harness the power of those hundreds of millions of devices in poor countries around the world. The venture, called Perlin, will launch a test version today, financed by an initial coin offering.

Wake Up And Smell The Forest Fires
By Felicia Jackson, Forbes, 8 October 2018
Or the tsunamis, or the floods or the droughts. To the surprise of absolutely no one who has been following developments in the international climate change arena, the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 Degrees on the impact of climate change has been released and it contains some alarming warnings.
It was expected to be critical and controversial but it’s not to those who have been following the compromises made over recent years. Under the existing Paris Agreement, governments agreed to try to limit climate change to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with an added ambition to keep warming to 1.5 degrees.

Slower climate warming is still possible
By Alex Kirby, Climate News Network, 8 October 2018
The good news from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is that slower climate warming is still within reach. With an enormous and united effort, it says, the world is certainly still capable of keeping global temperatures from increasing by more than 1.5˚C over historic levels (they’ve already risen by over 1˚C).
The more worrying findings in the IPCC’s report, described by one scientist as “historic”, show that the impacts of even 1.5˚C of warming are far greater than previously thought, and that the problem is far more urgent than most governments have acknowledged.

[Brazil] Bolsonaro has made grim threats to the Amazon and its people
By Fabiano Maisonnave, Climate Home, 8 October 2018
No more Paris Agreement. No more ministry of environment. A paved highway cutting through the Amazon.
Not only that. Indigenous territories opened to mining. Relaxed environmental law enforcement and licensing. International NGOs, such as Greenpeace and WWF, banned from the country. A strong alliance with the beef lobby.
In a nutshell, this is what Jair Bolsonaro, who is sailing towards Brazil’s presidency after taking a near-majority in a first round vote on Sunday, has promised for the environment.

Brazil scraps 11 new Amazon protected areas covering 2,316 square mile
By Sue Branford, Mongabay, 8 October 2018
On 25 September, state deputies in the Legislative Assembly of Rondonia, after less than an hour of discussion, abolished 11 protected areas, covering about 600,000 hectares (2,316 square miles), equivalent to about 3 percent of the total area of the state. The measure was pushed through in record time – the bill was presented to the Assembly in the morning and by the afternoon it was approved.
Even so, the move was not a bolt from the blue but stemmed from a fierce back-and-forth battle between the bancada ruralista agribusiness lobby in the Legislative Assembly on the one hand and the state government, backed by environmentalists, on the other – a struggle that has been raging for the last six months.

Preserve Forest Cover, EAC Legislators Urge Governments
East Afirica Business Week, 8 October 2018
The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) has asked member states to embark on massive tree planting campaigns so as to conserve forests.
This comes as the region embarks on promoting policies to make the East African Community (EAC) Green.
In order to achieve the agenda of making the community green, the legislators are now calling for the retrieval of the EAC Forests Management and Protection Bill 2015 for re-consideration,
They hope to amend and have (the Bill) assented to by the EAC Heads of State within the shortest time possible.

EU carbon market update, 8 October 2018
By Louis Redshaw, Environmental Finance, 8 October 2018
EUA prices firmed last week, despite the inflated auction volumes on offer as strong buying support emerged. We went into the week with a bearish outlook based on higher auction supply, but three of the week’s auctions cleared at or above the prevailing secondary market price, a clear indication of strong demand.
Much of the week was spent trading around €21 as bulls and bears fought for supremacy. Moves below €21 found buyers as the €20.70 level highlighted by technical analysts FuturesTechs held. Intra-day moves below this level found support strong enough to repel the attack and propel prices back above it by the end of each day. Despite this, it took until Friday for the bulls to get on top as a strong (despite being larger than usual) German auction started a move higher that continued for the rest of the day.

[Indonesia] Businessmen, landowners named suspects in South Sumatra forest fires
Jakarta Post, 8 October 2018
Police have named seven suspects over forest fires that plagued the province of South Sumatra over the past week.
South Sumatra Police chief Insp. Gen. Zulkarnain Adinegara said two of the suspects were businesspeople, while five were local landowners.
“The seven suspects are involved in forest fires in OKI [Ogan Komering Ilir], Banyuasin, Ogan Ilir and Palembang,” he said on Sunday as quoted by

[Pakistan] Reducing Emissions From Deforestation And Forest Degradation (REDD) Plus Strategy To Be Implemented Across The Country
By Fahad Shabbir, UrduPoint, 8 October 2018
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) Readiness Preparation for Pakistan a foreign funded project strategy will be implemented across the country.
Senior officials of Ministry of Climate of Change told APP that the formulation of National REDD+ Strategy is based on the results of specific analytical studies and inputs received from a multi-stakeholders consultative process.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Pakistan and Ministry of Climate Change through its Office of the Inspector General of Forests implementing the project with financial support of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) of the World Bank.

[UK] Treasury wants to be ‘highly aligned’ with EU ETS after Brexit
By David Blackman, Utility Week, 8 October 2018
The Treasury backs the UK remaining closely locked into the EU’s emission trading system (ETS) following Brexit, a minister has revealed.
Speaking at fringe event organised by the think tank Policy Exchange at the Conservative party conference in Birmingham last week, junior Treasury minister Robert Jenrick said it is “unlikely” that the UK can remain a member of the EU ETS after it withdraws from the EU.

9 October 2018

Shell boss says mass reforestation needed to limit temperature rises to 1.5C
By Adam Vaughan, The Guardian, 9 October 2018
The boss of Shell has said a huge tree-planting project the size of the Amazon rainforest would be needed to meet a tougher global warming target, as he argued more renewable energy alone would not be enough.
Ben van Beurden said it would be a major challenge to limit temperature rises to 1.5C (equivalent to a rise of 2.7F), which a landmark report from the UN’s climate science panel has said will be necessary to avoid dangerous warming.

Conflicting Data: How Fast Is the World Losing its Forests?
By Fred Pearce, YaleEnvironment360, 9 October 2018
The world is losing trees faster than ever. An area the size of Italy disappeared last year. Or did it? New research suggests three-quarters of those lost forests may already be regrowing. That hardly means we are out of the woods. Fighting climate change and protecting biodiversity still needs a global campaign to reforest the planet. But it does suggest that, given the chance, nature will do much of the work.
This week, a special report of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirmed the vital role that ending deforestation can play in holding global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To underline the point, the UN’s environment, development, and agriculture chiefs issued a joint statement declaring that “forests are a major, requisite front of action in the global fight against catastrophic climate change – thanks to their unparalleled capacity to absorb and store carbon. Stopping deforestation and restoring damaged forests could provide up to 30 percent of the climate solution.”

‘Tipping points’ could exacerbate climate crisis, scientists fear
By Fiona Harvey, The Guardian, 9 October 2018
Key dangers largely left out of the IPCC special report on 1.5C of warming are raising alarm among some scientists who fear we may have underestimated the impacts of humans on the Earth’s climate.
The IPCC report sets out the world’s current knowledge of the impacts of 1.5C of warming and clearly shows the dangers of breaching such a limit. However, many scientists are increasingly worried about factors about which we know much less.
These “known unknowns” of climate change are tipping points, or feedback mechanisms within the climate system – thresholds that, if passed, could send the Earth into a spiral of runaway climate change.

Governing forests for sustainability: What works?
By Monica Evans, CIFOR Forests News, 9 October 2018
What can 19 reviews assessing 1,200 research articles spanning over 3 billion hectares of land teach us about what works in forest governance interventions to promote sustainability?
It is widely agreed that effective governance is key to building and securing sustainability in forested areas, but the jury is still out over what that actually looks like. There are “literally scores of different governance methods that people have tried to get improved outcomes,” according to Arun Agrawal, a professor at the University of Michigan.

How Brazil’s presidential election could eff up the planet for everyone
By Paola Roas-Aquino, Grist, 9 October 2018
As the vast Brazilian rainforest steadily dwindles, so do our chances of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. And with the possible election of Jair Bolsonaro, the so-called “Trump of the Tropics” and far-right frontrunner in the Brazilian presidential election, a crucial part of the planet’s carbon emission-curbing toolkit might be in jeopardy.
Bolsonaro has indicated he may open Indigenous areas up to mining, even potentially introducing a paved highway through the Amazon. The environmental impact of those policies would be “the biggest threat to the Amazon since Brazil was under a dictatorship,” said Doug Boucher, Scientific Advisor for The Union of Concerned Scientists’ Tropical Forests and Climate Initiative. “It’s a threat to the climate of the entire planet.”

[Canada] Ontario’s cap and trade program ends and Federal Backstop looms: Implications for Ontario businesses
By Alexandra Sadvari and Liane Langstaff (Gowling WLG), Lexology, 9 October 2018
Until recently, few people in Ontario paid much attention to the “Federal Backstop,” the federal carbon pricing system for provinces without a carbon tax or cap and trade program. However, when the provincial government ended Ontario’s cap and trade program by repealing the cap and trade regulation effective July 3, 2018, Ontario was suddenly left open to the application of the Federal Backstop.
While the Ontario government is currently challenging the constitutional authority of the federal government to impose the Federal Backstop on Ontario, many Ontario corporations are preparing to comply with the federal regime.

[Germany] Berlin startup offers €1m to save ancient Hambach forest from coal mining
By Kate Connolly, The Guardian, 9 October 2018
A non-profit Berlin tech startup has offered to buy the remaining 200 hectares of an ancient German forest to save it from being destroyed for coal surface mining.
Ecosia, a search engine which donates the majority of its advertising revenue to conservation initiatives and funded the planting of almost 40m trees across the world, has approached the energy firm RWE with an offer of €1m (£877,000) to secure the final stretch of the 12,000-year-old Hambach forest in the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

[Indonesia] Palm oil executive found guilty of starting land, forest fires
Jakarta Post, 9 October 2018
The Pekanbaru High Court in Riau has declared an executive of palm oil company PT Jatim Jaya Perkasa (JJP) guilty of burning 1,000 hectares of peatland in Rokan Hilir regency, Riau.
JJP plantation head Kosman Vitoni Immanuel Siboro was sentenced to four years in prison and ordered to pay Rp 3 billion (US$ 196,914) in fines.
However, the company has challenged the court’s verdict by suing expert witnesses who were instrumental in providing scientific evidence throughout the trial.

Dutch appeals court upholds landmark climate change ruling
By Arthur Neslen, The Guardian, 9 October 2018
A court in The Hague has upheld a historic legal order on the Dutch government to accelerate carbon emissions cuts, a day after the world’s climate scientists warned that time was running out to avoid dangerous warming.
Appeal court judges ruled that the severity and scope of the climate crisis demanded greenhouse gas reductions of at least 25% by 2020 – measured against 1990 levels – higher than the 17% drop planned by Mark Rutte’s liberal administration.

[Pakistan] Reducing Emissions From Deforestation And Forest Degradation (REDD) Plus Strategy To Be Implemented Across The Country
By Fahad Shabbir, UrduPoint, 9 October 2018
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) Readiness Preparation for Pakistan a foreign funded project strategy will be implemented across the country.
Senior officials of Ministry of Climate of Change told APP that the formulation of National REDD+ Strategy is based on the results of specific analytical studies and inputs received from a multi-stakeholders consultative process.

[USA] Exxon Mobil pledges $1 million to campaign to promote carbon tax
By Tom DiChristopher, CNBC, 9 October 2018
Exxon Mobil will donate $1 million to a campaign promoting a tax to curb emissions of planet-warming carbon dioxide to U.S. lawmakers and the American public.
With the commitment, the world’s largest publicly traded oil company is throwing its financial support behind Americans for Carbon Dividends, an organization tasked with lobbying for a carbon tax plan developed by Republican statesmen James Baker III and George Shultz.

10 October 2018

By John Valliant, The Guardian, 10 Guardian 2018
The worst case scenario plays out the same way everywhere, whether you are in southern California or northern Alberta. A nascent wildfire – driven by extreme heat, high winds, drought conditions and a century of largely successful fire suppression – explodes into a juggernaut and takes over the countryside.
Any houses in the way are simply more fuel. Preheated to 932F by the 100ft flames of the advancing blaze, homes don’t so much catch on fire as explode into flames. In a dense neighborhood, many homes may do this simultaneously. The speed of ignition shocks people – citizens and firefighters alike – but it is only the beginning.

Huge reduction in meat-eating ‘essential’ to avoid climate breakdown
By Damian Carrington, The Guardian, 10 October 2018
Huge reductions in meat-eating are essential to avoid dangerous climate change, according to the most comprehensive analysis yet of the food system’s impact on the environment. In western countries, beef consumption needs to fall by 90% and be replaced by five times more beans and pulses.
The research also finds that enormous changes to farming are needed to avoid destroying the planet’s ability to feed the 10 billion people expected to be on the planet in a few decades.

[Germany] Give local communities stewardship, not pressure, says One World – No Hunger leader
By Gabrielle Lipton and Stumai George, CIFOR Landscape News, 10 October 2018
While strategies and partnerships to restore the world’s degraded forests and landscapes might be conceived in donor offices and government hallways, it’s often local communities who take these plans and put them into world-changing actions.
But how do you make sure that this implementation actually happens, and that these agendas to combat climate change actually get carried out on the ground? As Deputy Director-General and Commissioner of One World – No Hunger, an initiative led by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) that invests some 1.5 billion euros annually in food security and rural development, Dr. Stefan Schmitz is thoroughly familiar with how this best works.

Nordic firms urge tighter ETS cap in wake of IPCC report
By Anton Tigerstedt, Montel, 10 October 2018
Swedish and Finnish firms have urged the European Commission to tighten the ETS cap in order to limit global warming at 1.5C, as proposed by a recent IPCC report, they told Montel.
“[To reach the 1.5C objective] it is crucial that EU tightens the linear reduction factor in EU ETS from the current 2.2% to at least 2.6% between 2020-2050,” said Anton Steen, head of public affairs at Sweden’s energy industry association Swedenenergy.
Swedenenergy, which has 400 members, urged the EU executive to sharpen the bloc’s 2030 target and propose new objectives in line with the Paris agreement for 2040 and 2050.

[USA] How carbon trading became a way of life for California’s Yurok tribe
By Carolyn Kormann, The New Yorker, 10 October 2018
When Marty Lamebear is not fighting fires, he is starting them. In the past few years, as a member of the Yurok Tribe Forestry Program’s fire department, he has been helping revive the controversial practice of prescribed burns to protect and restore the coastal redwood forests of northern California. Lamebear is also a hunter, fisherman, and dancer. In his free time, he makes tribal regalia for ceremonial dances from parts of elk, deer, minks, and porcupines, which he shoots or finds already dead, and from frozen eagles that he orders from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A prescribed burn, what Lamebear calls a culture burn, creates prairies within the forest, which attract those animals. “At first, we couldn’t really tell its effects,” he said. “But, after about six years now, we can honestly start seeing the landscape open up, animals come around.” They also serve another purpose, he said. “It’s insurance for our carbon.”

11 October 2018

With Shorter Winters, Plants Bloom Early and Die Young
By Marlene Cimons, 11 October 2018
Spring has been coming earlier, prompting plants to sprout and turn green sooner than ever before. This is because carbon pollution has been heating up the planet, making winters shorter and springs warmer. Until now, scientists believed this premature blooming might not be all bad, as thriving plants might help slow climate change by soaking up more carbon dioxide from the air.
But new research suggests otherwise, that plants aren’t growing more. They’re actually growing less, making climate change worse than current models suggest.

Billionaires Are the Leading Cause of Climate Change
By Luke Darby, GQ, 11 October 2018
As the world faces environmental disaster on a biblical scale, it’s important to remember exactly who brought us here.
This week, the United Nations released a damning report. The short version: We have about 12 years to actually do something to prevent the worst aspects of climate change. That is, not to prevent climate change — we’re well past that point — but to prevent the worst, most catastrophic elements of it from wreaking havoc on the world’s population. To do that, the governments of Earth need to look seriously at the forces driving it. And an honest assessment of how we got here lays the blame squarely at the feet of the 1 percent.

Over 100 Global Climate Actions Call on World Leaders to Wake Up to 1.5 press release, 11 October 2018
People worldwide have launched a global coordinated delivery of the recently released IPCC report to decision makers across the globe. The actions demand that all institutions withdraw their support from the fossil fuel industry and stand up to them before it’s too late.
Actions will take place in over 100 different locations and include banner drops, hand deliveries and other forms of creative action.

Why Investors Are Backing Zero Deforestation
By Leslie Samuelrich (Green Century Capital Management) and Laria Lettini (FAIRR Initiative), Brink, 11 October 2018
Last week marked the 10th anniversary of the UN-REDD Programme, a bold attempt by the international community to reduce deforestation and its destructive impacts on climate change, biodiversity and the livelihoods of forest-dependent people.
The UN’s program on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) and the REDD+ approach, the program’s climate change mitigation framework, introduced a new system to financially incentivize developing countries to prevent deforestation.

2015-16 El Niño: Wildfires in Amazon led to over 30 million tonnes of CO2 emission
Down to Earth, 11 October 2018
Carbon emission due to forest fires of 2015 and 2016 in Brazilian Amazon could be up to four times greater than previously thought, claims a new research published in journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. The study, which was done on 6.5 million hectare (ha) of forest in Brazilian Amazonia, aimed at quantifying the impact of 2015-2016 El Niño period on carbon uptake in the region.
The wildfires led to over 30 million tonnes of CO2 emission — three to four times greater than comparable estimates from global fire emissions databases. More worryingly, out of the 6.5 million ha, almost one million ha of primary and secondary forests burned during the 2015–2016 El Niño. “This analysis covers an area of just 0.7 per cent of Brazil, but the amount of carbon lost corresponds to 6 per cent of the annual emissions of the whole of Brazil in 2014,” says Kieran Withey, lead author of the study.

Brazil’s Bolsonaro plans more power plants in the Amazon: adviser
By Ricardo Brito, Reuters, 11 October 2018
Brazil’s presidential front-runner Jair Bolsonaro would tackle chronic energy shortages by expanding nuclear and hydroelectric power in the Amazon despite environmental concerns, the adviser overseeing his infrastructure plans told Reuters.
Oswaldo Ferreira, one of several retired generals advising Bolsonaro, said, if he were elected, the government would also complete Brazil’s corruption-plagued Angra 3 nuclear power station on the coast between Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

Ghana and Ecuador to cooperate on forestry development, 11 October 2018
The Governments of Ghana and Ecuador signed an agreement to cooperate on environmental protection, with a focus on forestry development.
The signing took place in Quito, the capital of Ecuador, during a South-South Knowledge Exchange which was facilitated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The cooperation between the two countries will be centred on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). REDD+ is a global framework through which developing countries are rewarded financially for any carbon emissions reductions achieved that is associated with a decrease in the conversion of forests to alternate land uses.

A New Fuel Source Can Power Kenya’s Industries While Saving Forests. So Why Isn’t it Taking Off?
By Sanjoy Sanyal, World Resources Institute, 11 October 2018
Kenya’s forests are the country’s lifeblood. But they’re also its fuel source.
Firewood is the main source for powering industries and cooking meals. With demand for energy increasing, forests are feeling the strain—the country has lost more than 9 percent of its trees over the last 18 years.
But a handful of entrepreneurs are working to help power Kenya without contributing to deforestation. Biomass briquettes, made by compacting dry organic waste like sawdust and sugarcane stalks into solid blocks, have a high calorific value: Consumers can generate the heat they need with smaller amounts of briquettes than firewood. And better yet, briquettes don’t require cutting pristine forests.

[UK] Romford man who ran carbon credits scam disqualified from running any business for 15 years
By Matthew Clemenson, Romford Recorder, 11 October 2018
A Romford man who ran a carbon credits investment scam has been banned from directing any companies in the UK for the maximum 15 years.
The Insolvency Service’s disqualification order on 48-year-old Harvey Edwin Bennett came into effect on October 8. His last known address is Cross Road, Romford.
From June 5 2013 to December 4 2014, Mr Bennett was director of Evolution Trade Services, which was involved in selling Certified Emission Reduction (CERs) carbon credits, which are government permits allowing an individual or business to release pollutants into the atmosphere.

12 October 2018

Blinding consumers to the true cost of soy?
By Erin O’Connell, Eco-Business, 12 October 2018
Tofu, edamame, soy —sauceif this is what you think of when you hear the word “soy” think again.
Soybean is a “hidden commodity,” and most consumers have no idea how much of the legume they eat daily. Not only is it found in thousands of processed foods and products, from margarine and chocolate to cosmetics and soaps, rising demand for meat has driven soy production to nearly 10 times what it was 50 years ago.
A full 80 per cent of the world’s soybean crop is fed to livestock. Much of it is produced in the Amazon and Cerrado ecosystems of Brazil, which each lose between 5 to 10,000 square kilometres of forest each year despite public and private efforts to limit soy production to land that has already been cleared.

Investing in nature to reduce disaster losses
UN environment, 12 October 2018
The people of Kerala are used to coping with heavy monsoon rains and flooding which strike the Indian subcontinent every summer. This year was catastrophically unlike any other. In August 2018, torrential rains led to major floods in the south Indian state of Kerala, forcing the evacuation of at least a million people and causing almost 500 casualties and an estimated US$ 3.8 billion in losses. Authorities were forced to open dams, engulfing residents in floodwaters and landslides. Several other factors were cited to explain the unprecedented flooding, including quarrying, mining, deforestation and settlements encroaching on floodplains.

UK would be excluded from EU’s emissions trading system in no-deal Brexit
By Sarah Young, Reuters, 12 October 2018
Britain will be excluded from the European Union’s Emissions Trading System (ETS), a mechanism for helping to limit the impact of climate change, if the country leaves the bloc in March 2019 without a deal, the government said on Friday.
It published a series of papers setting out the implications of a “no deal” Brexit, a situation it says remains unlikely given the work going on toward securing a negotiated outcome.

[USA] To curb climate change, tax carbon – then give Americans the money
By George P. Shultz and Ted Halstead, Wired, 12 October 2018
Most voters want the government to limit carbon emissions, but at a time when half of all Americans own less than $500 in savings, climate ranks low on their priority list. Through our proposal, the Baker-Schultz Carbon Dividends Plan, the United States can address economic insecurity and climate risk at the same time. In essence, the plan divvies out cash to Americans in support of a low-carbon future. And it has the backing of Big Oil.

13 October 2018

[Pakistan] BTAP to be extended to tribal areas
Pakistan Observer, 13 October 2018
The KP Government has planned to extend Billions Trees Afforestation Project (BTAP) to the recently merged tribal districts of erstwhile FATA to plant two billion saplings under ‘Plant for Pakistan’ initiative of Prime Minister Imran Khan in next five years.
Official sources in KP Forest Department told this scribe on Friday that planning and strategies were chalked out to plant 2 billion trees under ‘Plant for Pakistan’ in two phases during 2018-2023 in Khyber Pakthunkhwa.
BTAP, being a flagship project of previous PTI Govt, would be extended to tribal districts where vast land was available for large-scale afforestation.

14 October 2018

Rwanda signs pact to reduce greenhouse gases
By Michel Nkurunziza, The New Times, 14 October 2018
Rwanda and the Greenhouse Gas Management Institute and Carbon Institute have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to launch an international partnership for carbon accounting in Rwanda, according to a statement from the Ministry of Environment.
The agreement was signed yesterday by the Minister for Environment, Vincent Biruta, Prof. Beth Kaplin, Acting Director, Centre of Excellence in Biodiversity & Natural Resource Management at the University of Rwanda and John O. Niles, Director atthe Greenhouse Gas Management Institute and Carbon Institute.

[USA] Donald Trump says climate change will ‘change back again’ and ‘I don’t know that it’s man made’
By Jason Le Miere, Newsweek, 14 October 2018
In an interview with 60 Minutes aired Sunday night, President Donald Trump continued to express doubt about whether climate change was man-made, something that is agreed upon by over 97 percent of climate scientists.
Trump’s comments, recorded at the White House Thursday, came just days after the United Nations released an alarming report on climate change that concluded the planet had just 12 years to take drastic action in order to prevent warming beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius, or 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit. A half degree beyond that, according to the report, could have divesting consequences for much of the planet.


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  1. can i please get any sort of reports regarding the floods, erosion taking place in the Tibet and the climatic changes as well … thank you